Hoa Binh

Hoa Binh is a northwestern mountainous province of Vietnam. The province has a diverse population with 65% coming from Muong and the rest from Kinh (Viet), Thai, Dao, Tay, Hoa and H’mong.

When beginning our community development programs in Hoa Binh the socio economic conditions were challenging. According to ChildFund’s basic survey results conducted in 1997, the poverty rate was as high as 32%. There was a critical need for water and sanitation facilities in the communities.

Preschools and primary schools in the project communes were in poor conditions. The quality of local healthcare was poor due to low understanding of the local people, shortages of human resources and poor facilities. The result was a high rate of infant mortality and malnutrition in children underfive and a high rate of preventable diseases.

Due to the mountainous and hilly geographic conditions, most communes do not have much land for farming and need to make the most of each season and piece of land. Households in the project areas can traditionally produce as much food as their need for 8-9 months of a year. During the months in between crops, many household are severely affected by food shortages, which leads to unstable life quality of the local people in general and children in particular.

map hoa binh map cao phong map kim boi map ky son map tan lac
  • Established in 2007
  • Population: 41,534 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 41% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 14.48% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Quang Phong, Dong Xa, Cu Le, Duong Son, Huu Thac and Xuan Duong
  • Phased-out commune: Con Minh (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2016
  • Population: 30,549 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 20 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 51% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 16.60% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thuong An, Coc Dan, Thuong Quan, Thuan Mang, Lang Ngam, Trung Hoa and Na Phac
  • Established in 1999
  • Population: 33,219 people (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 11 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 7.21% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 12.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ha Vi, Luc Binh and Don Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tu Tri, Nguyen Phuc and Vi Huong (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2008
  • Population: 39,733 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 16 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 48.62% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 13.50% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Tu Do, Hanh Phuc, Doc Lap, Doai Khon, Ngoc Dong, Hong Dinh and Hong Quang
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 21,809 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 15 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 40.81% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 17.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Xuan Noi, Cao Chuong, Quang Han, Quang Vinh, Luu Ngoc and Quoc Toan
  • Established in 1997
  • Population: 34,624 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 40 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 4.56% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 11.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Hop Thinh and Phu Minh
  • Phased-out communes: Hop Thanh and Dan Ha (in September 2015)
  • Established in 1998
  • Population: 44,680 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 27 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 27% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thu Phong, Bac Phong and Tay Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tan Phong, Xuan Phong and Nam Phong (in December 2015)
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 118,910 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 14.38 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 31.07% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Kim Truy, Du Sang, Nuong Dam, Cuoi Ha, Hop Dong and Thuong Tien
  • Established in 2015
  • Population: 85,700 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 11.82% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 18% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ngo Luong, Ngoc My, Ngoi Hoa, Phu Cuong, Phu Vinh, Quyet Chien and Trung Hoa