Cao Bang

Cao Bang is a province of northeastern in Vietnam. According to the General Statistics Office of the Government of Vietnam, the population of Cao Bang province as of 2012 was 515,200 with a density of 79 persons per km2. The province of Cao Bang is home to many people from Vietnam's ethnic minority groups such as the Tay, Nung, Dao, and H’mong.

In Cao Bang, ChildFund has been working in Tra Linh and Quang Uyen district since 2009. In comparison with other districts in Cao Bang, the two mentioned districts are among the most remote and challenging. Tra Linh is located more than 350 kilometres from the capital of Hanoi but it may take you some 8 hours driving to reach a community there. In Tra Linh, residents live in 10 different communities, known as “communes”, most of which are noted in the Vietnam Government’s list of communes with extreme difficulties.

Rice and maize are the primary source of income. However, most families have an insufficient amount of water to irrigate their small plots of land. Families also derive income from animal husbandry, though their lack of knowledge on animal rearing techniques is the cause of low productivity.

Health services are difficult to access and lack sufficient resources, including staff and medical equipment. Facilities are often unhygienic. Treatable illnesses like eye infections, diarrhoea, and gynaecological diseases, are common. The malnutrition rate among children under five is quite high, about 23.1% (2009). Most households use unsafe water collected from wells, streams or underground spring water. Moreover, they do not have latrines or use latrines that are in unhygienic condition. At preschools and primary schools, there are often no water and sanitation facilities.

Streams and dangerous passes make it difficult for children to reach schooI. Classrooms are usually small and in poor condition and lack necessary teaching and studying equipment.

map cao bang map tra linh map quang uyen
  • Established in 2007
  • Population: 41,534 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 41% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 14.48% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Quang Phong, Dong Xa, Cu Le, Duong Son, Huu Thac and Xuan Duong
  • Phased-out commune: Con Minh (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2016
  • Population: 30,549 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 20 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 51% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 16.60% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thuong An, Coc Dan, Thuong Quan, Thuan Mang, Lang Ngam, Trung Hoa and Na Phac
  • Established in 1999
  • Population: 33,219 people (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 11 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 7.21% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 12.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ha Vi, Luc Binh and Don Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tu Tri, Nguyen Phuc and Vi Huong (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2008
  • Population: 39,733 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 16 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 48.62% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 13.50% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Tu Do, Hanh Phuc, Doc Lap, Doai Khon, Ngoc Dong, Hong Dinh and Hong Quang
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 21,809 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 15 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 40.81% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 17.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Xuan Noi, Cao Chuong, Quang Han, Quang Vinh, Luu Ngoc and Quoc Toan
  • Established in 1997
  • Population: 34,624 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 40 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 4.56% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 11.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Hop Thinh and Phu Minh
  • Phased-out communes: Hop Thanh and Dan Ha (in September 2015)
  • Established in 1998
  • Population: 44,680 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 27 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 27% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thu Phong, Bac Phong and Tay Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tan Phong, Xuan Phong and Nam Phong (in December 2015)
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 118,910 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 14.38 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 31.07% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Kim Truy, Du Sang, Nuong Dam, Cuoi Ha, Hop Dong and Thuong Tien
  • Established in 2015
  • Population: 85,700 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 11.82% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 18% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ngo Luong, Ngoc My, Ngoi Hoa, Phu Cuong, Phu Vinh, Quyet Chien and Trung Hoa