Bac Kan

Bac Kan is a poor province in Vietnam with the least population among 11 northern mountainous provinces. According to the General Statistics Office of the Government of Vietnam, the 2013 population of Bac Kan province was 303,100with a density of 64 persons per km2 over a total land area almost 5000 square kilometres of the province. Around 95% of the province's land area is forested with the remaining land used for housing or agriculture. There are five main ethnic groups in Bac Kan: Tay, Nung, Dao, H’mong and Kinh, with the majority are Tay and Nung.  

In Bac Kan ChildFund has been working in 20 communes in Bach Thong, Na Ri and Ngan Son district.

Main population is dependent on agriculture for their income. Communities live in remote and mountainous areas which make it difficult to access water or expand their agricultural activities. Between harvest times, many do not have enough to eat.

Health services are generally very poorly equipped and difficult to access. Up to 30% [1] of the children under-five are malnourished, preventable illnesses such as diarrhoea, respiratory and parasite infections are common. People collect water from shallow wells or streams, which are often polluted. Many households do not have latrines. A high percentage of pre-schools and primary schools have no water or sanitation facilities at all.

Schools and satellite schools are often 3-4km away from home. Due to the hilly conditions, many children must walk long distances across wide streams and mountains to reach their school. Classrooms are usually small and in poor condition. While basic education is free, parents find it hard to pay for the associated expenses of sending their children to school.


[1] Data collected in the National Nutrition Survey, 2010, cited by National Institute of Nutrition

map bac can map ngan son map bach thong map na ri
  • Established in 2007
  • Population: 41,534 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 41% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 14.48% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Quang Phong, Dong Xa, Cu Le, Duong Son, Huu Thac and Xuan Duong
  • Phased-out commune: Con Minh (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2016
  • Population: 30,549 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 20 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 51% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 16.60% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thuong An, Coc Dan, Thuong Quan, Thuan Mang, Lang Ngam, Trung Hoa and Na Phac
  • Established in 1999
  • Population: 33,219 people (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 11 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 7.21% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 12.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ha Vi, Luc Binh and Don Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tu Tri, Nguyen Phuc and Vi Huong (in June 2015)
  • Established in 2008
  • Population: 39,733 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 16 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 48.62% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 13.50% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Tu Do, Hanh Phuc, Doc Lap, Doai Khon, Ngoc Dong, Hong Dinh and Hong Quang
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 21,809 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 15 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 40.81% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 17.30% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Xuan Noi, Cao Chuong, Quang Han, Quang Vinh, Luu Ngoc and Quoc Toan
  • Established in 1997
  • Population: 34,624 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 40 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 4.56% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 11.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Hop Thinh and Phu Minh
  • Phased-out communes: Hop Thanh and Dan Ha (in September 2015)
  • Established in 1998
  • Population: 44,680 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 27 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 27% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Thu Phong, Bac Phong and Tay Phong
  • Phased-out communes: Tan Phong, Xuan Phong and Nam Phong (in December 2015)
  • Established in 2010
  • Population: 118,910 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 14.38 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 31.07% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 21.80% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Kim Truy, Du Sang, Nuong Dam, Cuoi Ha, Hop Dong and Thuong Tien
  • Established in 2015
  • Population: 85,700 (in 2015)
  • Average income per capita: 12 million VND/ year (in 2015)
  • Poverty rate: 11.82% (in 2015)
  • Child malnutrition rate: 18% (in 2015)
  • Projected communes: Ngo Luong, Ngoc My, Ngoi Hoa, Phu Cuong, Phu Vinh, Quyet Chien and Trung Hoa